The Power of Retrieval

Retrieved from: https://irisreading.com/10-tips-on-how-to-focus-on-boring-reading-materials/

What is retrieval?

Retrieval is a study technique that has been proven to enhance learning. When you practice retrieval, you are forced to deliberately recall, or “retrieve” the content from your memory, as opposed to having the answer in front of you as you would if you were rereading a textbook. The effectiveness of retrieval can be explained by a psychological phenomenon known as “the testing effect.” When you are forced to recall something from memory, this actually improves your ability to remember the material (Karpicke, Butler, and Roediger 2009). In a direct comparison of rereading to retrieval, a study found that university students perform better on a final test while retrieving the information, as opposed to rereading (Roediger and Karpicke, 2006).

How exactly do you practice retrieval?

It turns out that it’s fairly easy to incorporate recall activities into lectures or study sessions (Dunlosky et al., 2013). Next time you study, instead of rereading a passage of your textbook, take a blank piece of paper and write down everything you can remember about what you just read. Or, if you’re artistic, you can draw out whatever you can recall from that chapter, and even turn these drawings into a mind map. It may also be worthwhile to invest in some flashcards, as this is another convenient way of practicing retrieval. You can bring these cards onto the bus with you, or work through them if you have a few minutes between classes to practice.

Retrieved from: https://livingthelearningcurve.com/2019/11/11/making-retrieval-practice-a-force-of-habit/
Retrieved from: http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/latest/latest-tech-anki-flashcard-app

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